What is exercise?
Exercise can be anything that gets you moving and active. It is often thought that you are only exercising if you are doing sport or going to a gym. However, it can be anything that you enjoy that might raise your heart rate and/ or make you breathe a little faster.
What types of exercise can I do?
Many different forms of exercise or activity exist and often the best one for you is the one you enjoy as you will stick with it. For exercise to be effective, it needs to challenge you and could involve movement, lifting weights or fitness (cardiovascular exercise). It does not matter what time of the day you complete any form of exercise but the best time is when you can give yourself the time to do the exercise properly.
These are exercises that involve you and your muscles working against resistance. Resistance can be anything that makes your muscles work harder such as using weights, exercise bands, pushing or pulling against something solid. The aim of strengthening exercises is to improve your strength or power which can help your muscle perform tasks more easily. It is well known that being stronger can help almost every body system that you have including your joints, heart, mental health and immune system.
You can vary the amount of times you lift weights or push or pull and these are called repetitions. You can do certain numbers of repetitions and these are called sets. Often you will need to perform a certain number of repetitions for a certain number of sets aiming to work until your muscles tire from the exercise in order to benefit from strengthening exercises.
Movement (Flexibility) exercises
These type of exercises aim to increase the amount of movement at a particular joint. Some of the words that are used when talking about movement exercises might include active exercise (you completing the movement yourself), active assisted (using another object to help with the movement) and passive (someone else completing the movement for you). Movement exercises are generally best completed little and often most days. They are often used to prevent stiffness of a joint or help manage uncomfortable complaints.